In February 19, 1942, the United States government ordered more than 110,000 men, women and children to leave their homes and detained them in remote, military style camps. Manzanar War Relocation Center was one of ten camps where Japanese American citizens and resident Japanese aliens were interned during World War II. Manzana, located in teh Owens Valley of California between the Sierra Nevada on the wet and the Inyo mountains on the east. Manzanar was in operations from March 21, 1942 to November 21, 1945. 145 people died while incarcerated. There is a monument that was built by incarceree stonemason Ryozo Kado in 1943 that on the front has an inscription “console the souls of the dead” and the back reads “Erected by the Manzanar Japanese” and “August 1943”.